Index into a xrpld serialized object and return the location and length of a subfield



  • Parse a STObject pointed to by read_ptr
  • Find the field specified by field_id
  • If the field is found, and:
    1. It is an array, then return the start and length of the array including the leadin/leadout bytes, or
    1. It is not an array, then return the start and length of the PAYLOAD of the field (excluding the leadin bytes).


Field ID encoding

The sto_ apis accept a field_id parameter encoded as follows: (type << 16U) + field
Thus type 1 field 2 would be 0x10002U.


int64_t sto_subfield (
    uint32_t read_ptr,
    uint32_t read_len,
    uint32_t field_id


#define SUB_OFFSET(x) ((int32_t)(x >> 32))
#define SUB_LENGTH(x) ((int32_t)(x & 0xFFFFFFFFULL))
int64_t memo_lookup =
    sto_subfield(memo_ptr, memo_len, sfMemo);
if (memo_lookup < 0)
    // sfMemo was not found in the STObject pointed at by memo_ptr
    // sfMemo was found and its location is as follows:
      uint8_t* memo_ptr = SUB_OFFSET(memo_lookup) + memo_ptr;
      int64_t  memo_len = SUB_LENGTH(memo_lookup);


hookmacro.h already contains the SUB_OFFSET and SUB_LENGTH macros.


read_ptruint32_tPointer to the buffer containing the STObject
read_lenuint32_tLength of STObject
field_iduint32_tThe sf code of the field you are searching for.

To compute this manually take the serialized type and shift it into the 16 highest bits of uint32_t, then take the field and place it in the 16 lowest bits.

For example:
sfEmitNonce has type 5 and field 11 thus its value is 0x050BU

Return Code

int64_tThe location of the field within the specified buffer:
- The high 32 bits are the offset location.
- The low 32 bits are the length.

If negative, an error:
- pointers/lengths specified outside of hook memory.

- Input buffer isn't large enough to possibly contain a valid STObject.

- The searched for field isn't present in the supplied STObject.

- The supplied STObject is malformed or not an STObject.